Why was Stalin first to recognize Israel?

Why was Stalin first to recognize Israel?
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The active participation of the USSR in the creation of an independent state of Israel was motivated, first of all, by the foreign policy interests of the Soviet Union. Stalin hoped to support another stronghold of socialism on the world’s map, completely dependent on the victorious power in the World War II, and simultaneously put pressure on the West.

Accurate calculation of the Great Leader

According to historical documents, Stalin was rather neutral than an ardent advocate of Jewish rights: from a political point of view, this was simply not necessary for him as the leader of the young Soviet state at the time.

The “Jewish issue” in the USSR has always stood apart, and with the establishment of the new Soviet Republic, the rights of representatives of this nation in the young state became significantly greater. However, the Soviet authorities did not intend to give any special preferences to Jews.

The idea of creating Jewish autonomy in the Crimea was rejected by Stalin. However, Jewish nationalism, which arose after the end of World War II after the Nazi genocide, was an unsolvable problem that required an immediate solution. Stalin used this situation as a convenient excuse to fight the growing political power of the West – the Great Leader and Teacher hoped to make the new state a satellite of the USSR.

America and the Soviet Union to defend their positions

Jews have always dreamed of creating their own state in their historical homeland, which they considered to be Palestine. The territory of this state had no international legal status by the end of the World War II. Until 1948, there was a British mandate to govern the territory of the country, and Stalin did not miss the opportunity to actively participate in forging the future of this state. An important, if not the main, role in this was played by the desire on the part of the USSR establishment to lessen the foreign policy capacity of Great Britain and its Arab allies.

Jews in Palestine constantly felt out of place – since the beginning of the XX century, this country has been home to more than half a million Muslim Arabs, more than 70 thousand Christians, and only about 60 thousand Jews. The number of Jewish immigrants was constantly limited while the British mandate to govern Palestine was in effect, and conflicts regularly broke out between Arabs and Jews.

The World War II provoked a large flow of illegal Jewish immigrants to Palestine. It was mainly due to constant skirmishes between Jews and British troops that Great Britain was forced to give up the mandate to own Palestine. By 1947, the number of Jews in this country increased more than 10 times in comparison with the data at the beginning of the century.

The United Nations did not know what to do with this situation. The idea of creating a multi-ethnic state in Palestine, as it is in Lebanon, did not find tangible support. America and the Soviet Union were in favor of dividing the country into two separate subjects of foreign policy. The United Kingdom, along with all the Arab and Muslim countries that are members of the United Nations, opposed this project.

The problem was the primacy of the countries that were at that time in the United Nations. There required a two-thirds vote for a decision on the creation of Israel, according to the draft of the USSR and the USA. The future of Israel was discussed in an extremely tense atmosphere, and until the last moment, there was no clarity about the outcome of the voting.

The Soviet bloc countries secured the victory

The Chairman of the Soviet delegation at this UN session, Andrey Gromyko, made a convincing speech in which he outlined the Soviet leadership's views on why Jews and Arabs in Palestine cannot live in a single state. As a result, 33 countries supported the idea of America and the USSR to divide the country into two independent subjects of foreign policy. Five countries of the Soviet bloc played a decisive role in this final vote. In May 1948, Israel formally declared itself as an independent state. The Soviet Union was the first country to establish diplomatic relations with it.

What did Stalin achieve?

Almost immediately after the Declaration of independence of Israel, the Arab-Israeli war began – the territory of the new state was invaded by the troops of a number of Muslim countries. The Soviet Union immediately began providing serious military support to Israel. The opponents of this new country, in turn, got substantial help from Great Britain.

The Soviet Union's influence on Israel's domestic and foreign policy was ultimately less significant than that of the United States’. Nevertheless, Stalin assumed that in the future the creation of this state would weaken the foreign policy role of Great Britain in relation to a number of Arab countries. It will become the British “pain in the neck”, which eventually turned out to be so.

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