September 23, 1980

September 23, 1980
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On September 23, 1980, the first Soviet Akula-class submarine was launched at the Severodvinsk shipyard. When the hull was still on the stocks, on its bow, below the waterline, one could see a drawing of a shark snarling around a trident. And although after the descent, when the boat got into the water, the shark with the Trident disappeared under the water and no one else saw it, the people have already gave their name to the underwater cruiser - “Shark.”

All subsequent boats of this class continued to be named in the same way, and a special arm patch with the image of a shark was introduced for their crews. In the West, the sub was given the code name “Typhoon.” Later, this submarine was called Typhoon in Russia.

In the early 1970s, the United States began implementing a large-scale Trident program, which provides for the creation of a new solid-fuel missile with an Intercontinental range, capable of carrying 24 such missiles and having an increased level of stealth. The 18,700-ton ship had a maximum speed of 20 knots and could launch missiles at a depth of 15-30 meters.

The Soviet leadership demanded an “adequate response” from the industry to the American challenge. The project was developed by the Central Design Bureau “Rubin,” which used a fundamentally new construction technology - the aggregate-modular method, which significantly reduced the time of construction for such a complicated piece of machinery. Now this method is used in both underwater and surface shipbuilding. It should be noted that for the time it was a serious technological breakthrough.

In addition, when creating a new ship, the task was to expand the zone of its combat use under the Arctic ice up to the extreme latitudes by improving the weapons with new navigation and sonar systems. To launch missiles from under the Arctic ice shell, the boat had to float up in the ice holes, breaking through the 2-2.5 meter ice with its conning tower.

The construction of submarines took place in Severodvinsk. To do this, the Northern machine - building enterprise had to build a new shop - the largest covered boathouse in the world.

A total of 6 submarines of this class were built.

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